Contrary to popular beliefs, not only women can be diagnosed with infertility. Men are also not safe from facing these health problems. Therefore, if any couple cannot manage to conceive a baby, both man and woman should be examined by specialists. In some cases, simple pills, antibiotics or a course of hormones cannot help overcome male infertility. Then, andrologists or urologists should examine male organs and sperm more thoroughly or even use samples of men’s tissues and cells for in-vitro fertilization. How can it be carried out and what are the probable results?
TESA IVF Treatment: General Overview
One of the most popular ways of dealing with male infertility is TESA IFV procedure. In other words, it can be called testicular sperm aspiration. During the TESA IVF treatment, male testicles are punctured with a needle. Then a fluid from the testicles is extracted along with a group of cells, which are identical by the structure and function. These sperm cells can be used for sperm injection, in-vitro fertilization or intrauterine insemination.
The TESA IVF treatment is carried out under anesthesia. Therefore, a patient does not feel strong pain or discomfort. The procedure can be conducted in special IVF clinics. Look for more detailed information on the website ivf-international.com.
Who Needs TESA Procedure?
A man can undergo the TESA treatment if he is diagnosed with the following conditions:
- Azoospermia (when a man has no sperm);
- Asthenozoospermia (when male sperm has a low level of motility);
- Oligospermia (when a man has sperm but its concentration is not sufficient);
- Necrozoospermia (when sperm cells do not move or they are dead at all).
Which Other Methods of Treatment Can Be Applied?
Sometimes doctors tend to choose another way of treatment, for instance, PESA procedure. It is very similar to TESA, but in this case, a sample is selected from the epididymis. Another efficient method is IVF with TESE. In other words, it is testicular sperm extraction. The IFV TESE procedure requires a surgical biopsy. It means that an incision should be made for taking a sample of tissues.
The TESE IVF infertility treatment provides for extracting more sperm than the PESA/TESA IVF procedures. The damage to male organs during the IVF TESE or TESA methods is usually minimized. However, a patient will suffer from some discomfort, at least for a few days.
IVF with TESE success rates are estimated as higher ones since it produces more sperm. However, TESA IVF success cannot be denied either. It is rather a controversial issue. In most cases, doctors choose a method depending on the male’s condition and diagnosis.